ISO 27001 Certification vs. ISO 27001 Audit: What’s the Difference?

by Sarah Harvey / April 29th, 2020

Do you want to demonstrate your commitment to security to global business partners? An ISO 27001 report provides organizations with an evolving ISMS that can adapt to new challenges and validates your commitment to security. It can also help you prioritize your information security budget and resources based on risk, because ISO 27001 is customized for your environment and your specific risks. Undergoing an ISO 27001 audit is also a way to be proactive in your information security and compliance efforts, which could be just what you need to stay ahead in your industry. So, what does the ISO 27001 certification process look like and who can perform an ISO 27001 audit? What’s the difference between ISO 27001 certification and an ISO 27001 audit?

The ISO 27001 Certification Process

In order for your organization to become ISO 27001 certified, there are a few steps you’ll have to take. To get the ISO 27001 certification process started, we suggest undergoing a gap analysis to identify any potential vulnerabilities. From there, you’ll remediate the findings and then begin the audit, which is comprised of two stages.

Stage 1 Audit

During your Stage 1 audit, or the “Documentation Review” audit, an external auditor will review your organization’s prepared ISMS documentation to ensure that is compliant with the ISO 27001 requirements.

Stage 2 Audit

Once you’ve completed the Stage 1 audit, your external auditor will evaluate the fairness and suitability of your information security management, controls, and practices. If your external auditor deems your organization’s ISMS compliant with the ISO 27001 requirements, they will recommend you for certification. ISO 27001 certification is a separate process involved a certifying body.

Value of an ISO 27001 Audit Without Certification

Did you know that many organizations opt to undergo the ISO 27001 audit and not pursue certification? It’s true. You might now be wondering, “Why would you pursue an audit and not want to get the certification?” The bottom line is because certification is not required. Instead, if you decide to pursue an ISO 27001 audit without certification, you will still receive an ISO 27001 report to offer clients and stakeholders who need assurance of your ISMS’ effectiveness, and you only need to work with one firm for your ISO 27001 needs.

Who Can Perform ISO 27001 Audits?

While both internal and external auditors can use the ISO 27001 framework to perform the Stage 1 audit and assess an organization’s ability to meet their information security requirements, using an external auditor is always wise. Here’s why.

When you pursue an ISO 27001 certification, best practice is to hire one firm to perform the audit and a separate firm for the certification process. This process may seem tedious, but it instills independence so that conflict of interest is never a concern.

KirkpatrickPrice only offers ISO 27001 audits and consulting. Our firm is not a certifying body, so any quotes on our ISO 27001 services will never include certification. If you are considering working with a firm that offers both auditing and certification services or has a partnership with another organization in order to offer both, this is a red flag. It indicates a lack of integrity and a conflict of interest, which could have negative implications on your audit and certification.

Have questions getting started on your ISO 27001 audit journey? Contact us today, and we’ll get you started.

More ISO 27001 Resources

ISO 27001 FAQs: Information Security Management for Your Organization

Choosing Between SOC 2 and ISO 27001 Audits

Was the Gap Worth It?