What is OWASP?
The Open Web Application Security Project, or OWASP, is an open, online community that provides free tools and documentation to anyone interested in improving insecure software and in developing, operating, and maintaining secure software. OWASP is a not-for-profit organization, with no affiliation to any company, making it a popular methodology to rely on.
OWASP’s core values are: open, innovation, global, and integrity. OWASP prides itself on being a transparent organization that supports innovation and information security solutions with honesty and truth for any person in the world to access. These principles create an atmosphere of trust and confidence in the quality of information that OWASP provides. Organizations can rely on OWASP to offer tools that help them make informed decisions regarding secure software. OWASP is an incredible resource to learn how to properly mitigate your risks in terms of software development.
OWASP’s Top 10
OWASP’s “Top 10” is one of their most well-known projects, relied upon by many developing secure software and systems. The Top 10 projects document the industry’s consensus on the most critical security risks in specific areas, from web applications to APIs. These lists are especially helpful for organizations that are looking to develop secure code and software. OWASP’s Top 10 security risks for web applications, mobile applications, IoT devices, and APIs include the following:
- Web Application Risks
- Injection Flaws
- Broken Authentication Methods
- Sensitive Data Exposure
- XML External Entities (XXE)
- Broken Access Controls
- Security Misconfigurations
- XSS Flaws
- Insecure Deserialization
- Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
- Insufficient Logging & Monitoring
- Mobile Application Risks
- Improper Platform Usage
- Insecure Data Storage
- Insecure Communication
- Insecure Authentication
- Insufficient Cryptography
- Insecure Authorization
- Client Code Quality
- Code Tampering
- Reverse Engineering
- Extraneous Functionality
- IoT Risks
- Weak or Hardcoded Passwords
- Insecure Network Services
- Insecure Ecosystem Interfaces
- Lack of Secure Update Mechanism
- Use of Insecure or Outdated Components
- Insufficient Privacy Protection
- Insecure Data Transfer and Storage
- Lack of Device Management
- Insecure Default Settings
- Lack of Physical Hardening
- API Risks
- Missing Object Level Access Control
- Broken Authentication
- Excessive Data Exposure
- Lack of Resources and Rate Limiting
- Missing Function/Resource Level Access Control
- Mass Assignment
- Security Misconfiguration
- Improper Assets Management
- Insufficient Logging and Monitoring
While these lists include an overwhelming number of risks to be aware of, they are helpful in determining what type of penetration testing your organization might consider, what risks to prioritize during remediation, and how to further develop secure software. OWASP is used by penetration testers, whether internal to your organization or a third party, to stay in tune with common vulnerabilities they should be looking for in your systems, devices, and environment.
How Does Penetration Testing Help You Mitigate Your Risks?
What can your organization do with the knowledge of these common risks and vulnerabilities? You’re already ahead of the game by understanding OWASP’s Top 10 Security Risks and seeking to better your information security processes, but you can take your proactive work a step further by investing in penetration testing that helps you build secure software and mitigate your risks. When your organization hires a penetration tester to manually attack your vulnerabilities and provide an extensive report on the details of your security testing, you can better understand your weaknesses and how they can be exploited.
OWASP influences the penetration testing methodology at KirkpatrickPrice so that we stay at the top of the industry in quality and information security knowledge to provide your organization with a guided path to secure software. Contact us today if you’re ready to take the next step to securing your applications.